记者从乐山市政府应急办获悉,乐山市委、市政府通过整合全市各领域热线资源开设的心连心服务热线在今(30)日上午9时正式开通运行,广大群众可以通过拨打心连心服务热线电话12345,或者通过微信、短信、APP、信箱、微博、政府门户网站等7种方式反映诉求,市、县、乡、村四级联动,将问题解决在家门口。

香港六合彩现场开奖结果

2018-03-31

习近平主持中共中央政治局会议 听取2017年省级党委和政府脱贫攻坚工作成效考核情况汇报 “女人药”4:暖宫不妨用艾草子宫是上天赐予女人最奇妙的器官,不仅可以孕育生命,还可主导月经、分泌多种激素,起到维持内分泌平衡和保护卵巢的作用,堪称女性生理健康的“守门员”。朴槿惠由此成为韩国宪政史上第4位被检方传讯的总统,如果受贿的罪名成立,她可能面临终身监禁的严厉刑罚。

  22日,朝鲜《劳动新闻》还刊登题为自取灭亡的幼稚企图的评论文章,针对日本媒体最近有关若朝鲜弹道导弹落入日本近海域,美日决定将予以击落的报道回应称:美日妄想动我们的弹道火箭,真是可笑,目前多数看法均认为用美国的反导防御体系无法击落我们的弹道导弹,而日本防相更是可笑至极,居然狂称要事先击毁我们的火箭发射基地。对于有关美日欧韩商品购买意愿的提问,愿意购买韩国商品的受访者不足10%。在他看来,六代单传是非常可惜的。

锁定嫌疑人车辆(红圈)。颜面再发性皮炎这个病多发生于春季,一般发病时,脸上一片红,一片痒,而且脱屑,有时候还有小疙瘩。他们还将广泛宣传和推广这些良医妙方、良药绝技,让更多患者受益。

科技媒体问询者21日称,定制版Windows10的完成令人觉得奇怪、神秘,好像这个项目一夜之间就完成了。  据介绍,2月27日上午,该好友在微信上喊他参加活动。总编辑王晓辉表示,中国网要发挥自身优势,结合新媒体特点,把握时效、突显交互、丰富内容、精准传播。

Havingasoundsleepthroughhypnosis编者按:2017年是张思娜成为催眠师的第9个年头。  2万吨废矿渣仅冶炼出200吨铜锭,环境危害极大  洋垃圾走私为何屡禁不止?其中究竟有多大利润?  据了解,其中2万吨铜渣只冶炼出200吨铜锭,而且这200吨铜锭还是该冶炼加工厂从国内购买已经冶炼好的成品铜锭重新投入熔炉当中再次生产出来的。在政治层面,近年来,在以及其他国际平台上,五国就广泛问题成功协调了各自立场和行动,其中包括反恐、打击毒品和腐败、解决冲突和确保国际信息安全等。

他们一起在、飞机上进行了几十架次的密集编队训练,队形从1010米到55米最后飞到两架飞机几乎粘在了一起。只希望警方快点破案。(作者为人大重阳金融研究院研究员)

催眠师通常也是心理咨询师,通常的心理治疗疗程中,是否对患者进行催眠,要根据具体情况决定。事后,小孟多次给旅游网站打电话投诉,两个月后仅收到退款200元,共损失1000元。  热地区:广东人总体关注度最高,北京人最爱分享  根据全国不同地区对两会舆情的关注情况,可以看到,两会话题在东南沿海地区的受关注的程度显著高于内陆地区。

@青年农大迅速转发了这封有理有据、很专业的信:眼神不好的、专业知识不过关的,还怎么在农业大学食堂吃饭。近日,农业部发布《2017年农产品质量安全专项整治方案》,今年将重点开展农药、“瘦肉精”、生鲜乳、兽用抗生素、生猪屠宰、“三鱼两药”、农资打假等7个专项整治行动。分享到:

于是,王先生购买了转机机票。上世纪八九十年代,就曾有著名的“孔雀东南飞”——中西部高校的有实力教师被吸引到东部发达地区。  最新  首套300万25年期房贷多付利息12万  北京房地产调控新政发布以来,北京地区大部分银行已经上调首付比例,落实认房又认贷的首套认定标准,并停止审批25年以上的住房贷款。

实践唯物主义实现了哲学观念和哲学理论变革实践唯物主义根本的解释原则,就是把哲学视为“关于人与世界之间关系”的理论,并由此重新阐释马克思主义哲学的“新世界观”,从而系统而深刻地实现了哲学观念和哲学理论的变革。方便智能的快递柜为什么长期投放不足?电商行业大发展下物流配套怎样才能跟上?本报继续展开调查。互联网机票销售平台的出现,虽然方便了消费者,但其中的种种乱象也让消费者头疼不已。

近日,农业部发布《2017年农产品质量安全专项整治方案》,今年将重点开展农药、“瘦肉精”、生鲜乳、兽用抗生素、生猪屠宰、“三鱼两药”、农资打假等7个专项整治行动。“让传统文化成为生活的一部分。当前,美国作为全球最大的经济体和西方发达国家的领头羊,掌控着全球贸易和投资治理机制和规则的制定权,同时,也拥有全球最为先进的科技创新体系以及依附其上的全球最强大军事力量体系。

相较于电商行业的飞速发展,物流快递服务显然还有待进步。(李艳)  中国联通董事长王晓初曾对媒体表示,虽然5G技术还有待成熟,经营频率和技术标准有待明确,但中国联通从现在就要开始着手资金准备。

正如马克思所指出的:“光是思想力求成为现实是不够的,现实本身应当力求趋向思想。”知名快递柜企业丰巢、e栈、快递易等都主动回应了本报:铺设成本太高,目前只能做到“有”难以做到“足”。中国青年报·中青在线记者发现,不少高三学生家长对“院校专业组”这个新词有些摸不着头脑。

然而“双一流”是建设目标,也是发展理念;是少数学校的责任,也是全体高校的机会,然而目前的现实是:一、区域布局结构有待进一步完善。目前,周俊因涉嫌盗窃罪被警方依法刑拘。  明源软件的情况与先通医药类似。

  “别人是没货卖,我们是有货没人买。值得一提的是,至今共受理审查起诉非法集资案件51件199人,涉案金额数十亿元。“大庄”黄某某从事非法买卖外汇等犯罪活动,其名下实际操控的银行账户多达50余个,每日往来的资金流非常巨大。

据北汽新能源石景山店市场负责人介绍,“截至3月20日,单店销售了一百多台新能源车,其中EC180单款车型占比近40%。近日,农业部发布《2017年农产品质量安全专项整治方案》,今年将重点开展农药、“瘦肉精”、生鲜乳、兽用抗生素、生猪屠宰、“三鱼两药”、农资打假等7个专项整治行动。原油昨日日内系冲高回落,价格最高触及49.5美元一线展开回落,几番尝试冲破上方阻力,几番被压,最终反弹疲软弱势急线下跌,午夜最低触及48美元,但随后有所反弹至48.3美元,但整体来讲目前依旧处于弱势,整体偏向空头趋势。

农业部要求各地农业部门,要强化责任落实,把农产品质量安全专项整治纳入重要议事日程,加大督导检查力度,确保各项工作落到实处;要加强协调配合,对于跨行业、跨部门的问题,开展联合行动,采取综合措施,确保整治工作取得实效;要健全长效机制,注重总结好经验、好做法,积极探索行之有效的监管制度机制,切实提高农产品质量安全监管效能。  最终,双方达成协议,华润雪花同意琥珀啤酒厂管理层入股华润雪花滨州公司,股权比例为10%;但华润雪花同时表明,按照公司经营的要求,不能和自然人合伙,只能和法人合伙。目前,美国海军反潜战中心正在推进开发下一代完全自立型无人潜艇。

下楼走过一条单行路,不到一百米,双脚就可以踩在沙滩上。这也就解释了为什么中国高铁作为基础设施来看,有一些局部是赔钱的,总体上还是看好的,这也极大地提高了经济社会发展最核心的要素即人的要素的流动便利性、地理可达性。通知提出,对于购房时间的认定,以在当地房地产主管部门信息系统网签购房合同的时间为准,该规定将从3月22日起正式实施。

党的十八届五中全会提出创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念,集中回答了“实现什么样的发展、怎样发展”这个根本问题,既是当今中国的发展之道,又为创建人类文明新形态提供了具有世界意义的新发展理念。打开另一些知名日本食品品牌的天猫国际旗舰店,最先出现的是一长串白底黑字的“原产地证明书”,店内产品已经全部下架,只留下“销量超××亿”的豪言壮语和“请等着我,马上回来”的山盟海誓。过年的时候,一家三口会在三亚团聚,她和老伴儿陪着女儿度过七天的假期。

大约从公元前4000年左右起,青金石作为奢侈品,开始为两河流域的富有阶层所青睐,巴达赫尚的青金石经伊朗高原被运往两河流域北部。  图为各型舰载机在辽宁舰甲板列阵。珠宝店主关店改行利用珠宝批发店铺作掩护,非法买卖外汇去年下半年,广州市公安局经侦支队收到一条反映宗某等人涉嫌非法经营地下钱庄的线索。

而当美图股价大幅跳水时,公司则回应称,“美图的核心价值是其拥有超过11亿的用户,并不会因为短期股价的波动受到任何影响。组织开展生态修复城市修补试点工作,公布一批试点城市名单,指导各试点城市在“双修”工作中保护城市格局和延续城市历史文脉,并及时总结推广试点经验。就在部分投资者为其股价连续“11连阳”而狂欢时,美图公司接连两天又上演“过山车”走势。

中新网北京3月23日电(记者张尼)《北京市医药分开综合改革实施方案》22日发布。实力显著增强是国人自信的坚实基础。还有一个方面是因为我们看的是图片,是平面信息,看的不是很真切。

Atlastweekend"sopeningceremonyfortheHaidianDistrictSchoolHockeyLeague"sseason,SongandYingencouragedyoungsterstotakeupthesport."IcanimaginethatmoreandmorestudentshavepickeduphockeyinBeijing.Let"senjoythepassionandjoyofthesportaltogether...andIexpecttoseesomeofyouontheiceatthe2022WinterOlympics,"saidSong,whoisplayingcollegehockeyatCornellUniversityinIthaca,NewYork,inanticipationofchallengingforaspotintheNHL.Ying,whoseseasonwrappedupwhenRedStarwasknockedoutoftheKHLplayoffsthreeweeksago,saidthekeytograduatingfromjuniorhockeytotheproranksisperseverance."Therewillbealotofchallengesanddistractions,suchasaheavystudyload,theemphasisonacademicexcellenceinChinaandmaybeotherhobbies,"saidthe18-year-oldYing."Butonceyougetintothesportyouwillbeaddictedtoit.Myadviceistokeepworkingatitwheneveryoucanandtostickwithitnomatterwhathappens."Theschoolleague"snewseason,whichrunsthroughApril,involves40teamsandmorethan520primaryandsecondaryplayerscompetinginthreeagegroups.Althoughstillontheperipheryofnationalpopularity,hockeyisgrowingbyleapsandboundsinBeijing,asevidencedbythenumberofamateurclubsinthecapital.AccordingtotheBeijingHockeyAssociation,130teamsencompassingfivedifferentagegroupstooktotheiceduringtheBeijingMinorHockeyLeague"s2016-17season,whichwrappeduplastweek.That"sahugeincreasefromtheBMHL"sdebutseasonin2008,whenonlyfourteamscompeted.Morethan3,000juniorplayershaveregisteredwiththeassociationtotakepartinweeklyafter-schoolpracticesessionsandleaguecompetitions,saidSuJun,deputydirectoroftheyouthdepartmentofBeijingSportsBureau.Toprovidemoreadvancedtrainingandaccessiblefacilitiesforyoungplayers,WukesongArena,aBeijing2022venue,hassignedapartnershipwiththeHaidiandistricteducationcommissiontobecomeanextracurricularphysicaleducationbase.Thearena,whichhostsRedStarhomegames,willopenitsrinkforstudenttrainingsessions,offerfreeticketsforstudentstoattendgamesandwillorganizeprogramstohelptrainPEteachers.sunxiaochen@chinadaily.com.cn,thetravelplanningandbookingwebsite,hasnamedBaliastheglobalwinnerofits2017TravelersChoiceAwardsfordestinations.Wereexcitedtorevealourcommunitysfavoritetraveldestinationsfor2017andrecognizetheseiconicplaceswithTravelersChoiceawards,saidBarbaraMessing,chiefmarketingofficerforTripAdvisorina.Awardwinnersweredeterminedusinganalgorithmthattookintoaccountthequantityandqualityofreviewsandratingsforhotels,restaurantsandattractionsacrossdestinationsworldwide,gatheredovera12-monthperiod.Theawardshonor418outstandingdestinationsin24listsacrosstheglobe.(Readalso:)NewYorkCity,meanwhile,ranksnumberoneintheUSfortheseventhconsecutiveyear.HereisthecompleteoftravelersdestinationchoiceaccordingtoTripAdvisor:Anexhibitionthemedonwomen"slivesduringtheHan(206BC-220AD)andTang(618-907)dynastiesisongoingattheTianjinMuseum,whichisshowingnearly100piecesofexquisiteculturalrelics.Ancientpotteryfigurinesrelatingtofemales,aswellasgold,silverandjadeitemsandbronzemirrorsareonexhibit.Theexhibitionfeaturesthefirstfemale-themedshowintheTianjinMuseumanditispresentedincollaborationwiththeXi"anMuseum.Itrevealsthefashionablelifeofwomenintheancientcapital,Chang"an,throughclothing,makeup,scenesoffeasting,musicanddance.TheexhibitionwillrunthroughMay4.

  上海市自行车行业协会秘书长郭建荣告诉记者,单车必须要有GPS定位,政府相关管理部门会提供电子停车地图,供平台设置电子围栏,让消费者把车辆停到所指定的停车位里。上世纪八十年代开始,地铁屏蔽门在一些大城市,如巴黎、伦敦等被广泛应用。Theinitiativecanbeatruly"gamechanging"proposalprovideditisabletofostertrustandconfidenceamongmemberstates.Theinitiativeshouldgobeyondbilateralprojecttransactionstopromoteregionalandmultilateralpolicyframeworksandsustainability.ItistruethattheinitiativewillgeneratemutualbenefitsforChinaanditspartners.However,theeconomic,socialandenvironmentalcostsandbenefitsvaryacrosscorridors,dependingontheterrain,stateofdevelopment,productivecapacitiesandtrafficflows.Researchhasshownthatinitiativecorridorswillentailhigherbenefitsifpartnercountrieslowercrossbordertransactioncostsandimporttariffs.Forinstancea30percentdeclineinbothofthesewouldgenerateeconomicgainsof1.8percentgrowthinGDPforChinaandanywherefrom5.3to16.9percentGDPforotherparticipatingmembercountries.Improvingthequalityofinfrastructureincountrieswithlessefficienttraderegimesandborderadministrationmayresultinonlylimitedexportgains.Ouranalysissuggeststhata1percentimprovementintradefacilitationprocedures,qualityoftransportinfrastructureandinformationandcommunicationtechnologywilldeliver1.5,0.7and1.4percentincreasesinexports,respectively.Gainsarehigherforcorridorswheretradeagreementsmayalreadyexist.Withnearlytwo-thirdsofinitiativecountriesfacingenergydeficits,theinitiativeneedstocomplementandsupplementthesubregionalenergyconnectivityinitiatives.Thereismuchscopetodeveloppowergrids,promotesmart,greenandintegratedpowerandgasmarkets,harnesscross-bordergasandoilpipelinesfromresourcerichCentralAsiatoSouthandEastAsia.DrawingontheinitiativesoftheStateGridCorporationofChinaandtheGlobalEnergyInterconnectionDevelopmentCooperationOrganizationtopromoteglobalenergyinterconnectionscanenhancetheregion"senergysecurityandadvancesustainableenergyaccess.ItisalsoevidentthatICThastobeanessentialfoundationfortheinitiativeasitcanharnesscrosssectoralsynergies.E-resilienceofICTcanbeenhancedthroughincreasingdiversifiedandredundantfiberopticcables,raisingbandwidth,developingnationalICTinfrastructure,andloweringfixed-broadbandpricesasapercentageofpercapitagrossnationalincome.Theseactionscanhelpdevelopuniformqualityofservicesbetweenendpointswhichwillfacilitatetrafficdelivery,ensurelowtransitcosts,andefficientInternettrafficmanagementusingInternetexchangepoints.Whilethesocialbenefitsofsomecorridorsarehigh,thereisneedtoadoptmoreinclusiveapproachestocopewithsocialrisks.Forexample,connectingtheinitiativetoremoteareaswithnewmulti-countrycorridorswouldenableruralindustrializationandhelpnarrowurban-ruralgaps.ItisthereforeimportantthatsynergiesandcomplementaritiesbetweentheobjectivesoftheinitiativeandtheSDGscanhelpcreateawin-winsolution,particularlyasregionalcooperationandintegrationwillfacilitaterealizationoftransboundarygoals.Theinitiativewithitsunprecedentedambitionandscaleentailsenormouscomplexitiesandchallenges;however,itoffersphenomenalopportunitiestoputAsiaonawell-balancedgrowthandsustainabledevelopmentpath.Theauthorisanunder-secretary-generaloftheUnitedNationsandtheexecutivesecretaryoftheEconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacific.

专案组民警迅速赶赴湖南怀化开展追捕工作。ChinesePremierLiKeqiangarrivesintheAustraliancapitalofCanberraWednesdaynightforanofficialvisit.[Photo/Xinhua]"Iwastoldthatforitsnationalemblem,Australiapicksakangarooandanemu,twonativeAustralianspecies.Neitherofthetwolikesmovingbackwardbutonlyforward,symbolizingadynamiccountrythatalwaysmovesforwardinprogress,"thepremiersaidinthearticleentitled"WeWanttoWorkwithYouforProgressandPeace".Thepremiersaidthatthetwocountrieshavebuiltuptrustandmanageddifferencesinthespiritofequalityandmutualrespectsincetheestablishmentofdiplomaticties.ChinaandAustraliatiedtheknot45yearsagoin1972.LisaidtheChinesepeopleadmireAustraliansfortheirperseveranceandcouragetoforgeaheadastheAustraliannationalanthemsays"leteverystageinhistory’spageadvanceAustraliafair".Healsosaid"advance"isasharedkeywordinbothcountries’nationalanthemsandheisconfidentthatthetwopartnerswillcontinuetomoveforwardastheyhavechosenwhileworkingtogethertoaddressglobalinstabilitywithstability.在这样不断的“套路贷”中,时先生越陷越深,至2016年10月,他欠款已达384.7万元,并损失了一套70平方米的房产。

  一些韩媒试图根据美国政府高官近期的表态勾勒出美国对朝政策轮廓。KUALALUMPUR—China"se-commercegiantAlibabaonWednesdayannouncedaplantosetupane-commercehubinMalaysiaencompassinglogistics,cloud-computingande-financialservice.Thee-commercehubwillbepartofthecollaborationbetweenAlibabaandtheMalaysiangovernmentinthedevelopmentofaDigitalFreeTradeZone(DFTZ)inMalaysiainlinewiththeElectronicWorldTradePlatform(eWTP)promotedbyJackMa,Alibaba"sexecutivechairman.InlaunchingtheDFTZwithMalaysianPrimeMinisterNajibRazak,Masaidthefirstoversease-hubwouldbeaimedatempoweringsmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)aswellastheyoungergeneration.AmongthecooperationannouncedonWednesday,Alibaba"slogisticplatformCainiaoanditse-commercewebsiteLazadawillleadotherAlibaba"ssubsidiariesandaffiliatestodevelopmentofaregionale-commerceandlogisticshubneartheKualaLumpurInternationalAirport.AlibabaCloud,itscloudcomputingarm,willbuildacloudplatforminMalaysiatofosterthelocalSMEs,whileAntFinancialinkedanagreementwithMalaysia"sleadingbanksCIMBandMaybanktoexplorecollaborationopportunitiesine-paymentandfinancingservicesinMalaysia.三是反映资金面预期的IRS大幅冲高,1年期IRS盘中创逾两年新高。

LeonLaipromoteshisdirectorialdebutWineWarinBeijingonMarch19.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]Canton-popmegastarLeonLaiunveiledthebackdropofhisdirectorialdebut,WineWar,onSundayinBeijing.The50-year-oldsinger-actorfromBeijing,who"shailedasoneofthefour"heavenlykings"inHongKong,hasstarredinanumberofhitTVseriesandmovies,suchasthe2003BerlinInternationalFilmFestival-nominatedfilm,Three.Laiwillshowhisnewtalentsbehindthecameraintheforthcomingthriller.Themovie,whichwillopenacrosstheChinesemainlandonMay19,portraysashoot"em-upquesttopossessapreciousbottleofredwineproducedin1855.Laiplaysthelead.Thecastalsoincludessupermodel-turned-actressDuJuan,TaiwanactorDavidWangandmodel-actorNanFulongfromTianjin.北大明确,申请报考者须具备下述条件之一,包括:有发明创造或参加科技类、人文社科类竞赛全国决赛或国际比赛获得优异成绩者;在该校自主招生专业范围内有相关学科特长、创新潜质,并在国内外相关专业学习实践活动中取得优异成绩者;在高中阶段参加全国中学生学科奥林匹克竞赛(数学、物理、化学、生物学、信息学)全国决赛获得优异成绩者。中方继续本着相互尊重、互利共赢的精神推动中澳全面合作关系不断向前发展。

  资深朝鲜半岛问题专家徐宝康对《环球时报》记者表示,靠中国遏制朝鲜是一个陷阱,是想把半岛问题的责任推给中国。Theinitiativecanbeatruly"gamechanging"proposalprovideditisabletofostertrustandconfidenceamongmemberstates.Theinitiativeshouldgobeyondbilateralprojecttransactionstopromoteregionalandmultilateralpolicyframeworksandsustainability.ItistruethattheinitiativewillgeneratemutualbenefitsforChinaanditspartners.However,theeconomic,socialandenvironmentalcostsandbenefitsvaryacrosscorridors,dependingontheterrain,stateofdevelopment,productivecapacitiesandtrafficflows.Researchhasshownthatinitiativecorridorswillentailhigherbenefitsifpartnercountrieslowercrossbordertransactioncostsandimporttariffs.Forinstancea30percentdeclineinbothofthesewouldgenerateeconomicgainsof1.8percentgrowthinGDPforChinaandanywherefrom5.3to16.9percentGDPforotherparticipatingmembercountries.Improvingthequalityofinfrastructureincountrieswithlessefficienttraderegimesandborderadministrationmayresultinonlylimitedexportgains.Ouranalysissuggeststhata1percentimprovementintradefacilitationprocedures,qualityoftransportinfrastructureandinformationandcommunicationtechnologywilldeliver1.5,0.7and1.4percentincreasesinexports,respectively.Gainsarehigherforcorridorswheretradeagreementsmayalreadyexist.Withnearlytwo-thirdsofinitiativecountriesfacingenergydeficits,theinitiativeneedstocomplementandsupplementthesubregionalenergyconnectivityinitiatives.Thereismuchscopetodeveloppowergrids,promotesmart,greenandintegratedpowerandgasmarkets,harnesscross-bordergasandoilpipelinesfromresourcerichCentralAsiatoSouthandEastAsia.DrawingontheinitiativesoftheStateGridCorporationofChinaandtheGlobalEnergyInterconnectionDevelopmentCooperationOrganizationtopromoteglobalenergyinterconnectionscanenhancetheregion"senergysecurityandadvancesustainableenergyaccess.ItisalsoevidentthatICThastobeanessentialfoundationfortheinitiativeasitcanharnesscrosssectoralsynergies.E-resilienceofICTcanbeenhancedthroughincreasingdiversifiedandredundantfiberopticcables,raisingbandwidth,developingnationalICTinfrastructure,andloweringfixed-broadbandpricesasapercentageofpercapitagrossnationalincome.Theseactionscanhelpdevelopuniformqualityofservicesbetweenendpointswhichwillfacilitatetrafficdelivery,ensurelowtransitcosts,andefficientInternettrafficmanagementusingInternetexchangepoints.Whilethesocialbenefitsofsomecorridorsarehigh,thereisneedtoadoptmoreinclusiveapproachestocopewithsocialrisks.Forexample,connectingtheinitiativetoremoteareaswithnewmulti-countrycorridorswouldenableruralindustrializationandhelpnarrowurban-ruralgaps.ItisthereforeimportantthatsynergiesandcomplementaritiesbetweentheobjectivesoftheinitiativeandtheSDGscanhelpcreateawin-winsolution,particularlyasregionalcooperationandintegrationwillfacilitaterealizationoftransboundarygoals.Theinitiativewithitsunprecedentedambitionandscaleentailsenormouscomplexitiesandchallenges;however,itoffersphenomenalopportunitiestoputAsiaonawell-balancedgrowthandsustainabledevelopmentpath.Theauthorisanunder-secretary-generaloftheUnitedNationsandtheexecutivesecretaryoftheEconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacific.KwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreached-moreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.

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